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A class-action lawsuit is a civil lawsuit filed by numerous people, known as plaintiffs, who have been harmed or injured due to the negligence of a business.

In Texas, citizens may pursue class actions under Rule of Civil Procedure 42 if a group of people was negatively impacted by the same or similar conduct on the part of a certain defendant. Filing a case against a large business might be frightening for a single plaintiff, particularly if the damages are not sufficient to warrant filing a personal injury claim. Because a large number of people act as a group, class actions can provide an even better case than individual ones.

As soon as possible, contact a class-action lawsuits lawyer from Texas Personal Injury Lawyers. The sooner you contact us, the more quickly you will be eligible for a settlement. For a free evaluation of your potential class-action lawsuit, call Texas Personal Injury Lawyers at (888) 997-2148 now.

What Is A Class-Action Lawsuit And How Does It Work?

A class-action lawsuit is a civil lawsuit filed on behalf of a group of individuals or business organizations who have been harmed in the same manner, with at least one individual or entity serving as the representative of that group. The issues in dispute are shared by all class members, although the circumstances surrounding them may differ.

State or federal courts may hear class actions. If the case concerns federal legislation, the appropriate court is the United States District Court.

Why Are Class Actions Preferred?


Why consolidate all of the actions into one class-action lawsuit? Because each litigant may bring their own action, why join them together into one class-action lawsuit? The solution is that it’s usually more practical for the plaintiff, the court, and the defendants to combine the numerous claims into a single case.

  • Class actions are more cost-effective and easier to handle for plaintiffs. Class actions eliminate the need for any witnesses, experts, papers, and claims by combining them into one class action. This simplicity makes it cheaper and easier for a single law firm to manage one case rather than several law firms handling numerous cases.

Because of this, many cases do not have adequate compensation to justify the time and expense of bringing them separately. For example, a bank may be charging illegal fees of $20 to $100 per customer for millions of customers. Because the damages are so modest, bringing a $100 lawsuit against each and every customer would be pointless. On behalf of millions of clients, one class-action case worth the time of the class members claims several hundred million dollars in damages.

A single recovery also ensures that all of the victims receive a proportional distribution of the damage. When there are multiple claims, the first few plaintiffs to succeed may receive all of the insurance earnings or all of the assets of the defendant, leaving little or no money for those who win later cases.

  • Class actions are beneficial for the courts because one lawsuit is less expensive than numerous individual claims. Because there is only one judge and courtroom involved, a single action comes at a fraction of the cost of many individuals. A class-action suit also saves time by eliminating the need to handle multiple cases individually.

Another benefit of class actions for plaintiffs is that they level the playing field. Corporations defending a single claim are in a better position to financially defend it, but when a law firm like Texas Personal Injury Lawyers files a class-action lawsuit on behalf of many people, the battle becomes even. When a defendant corporation must defend numerous claims, it is more likely to settle the class action and more inclined to truly reform its conduct.

What Are The Different Stages Of A Class-action Lawsuit?

  • Hire The Best Legal Team.

Any claimant who has been harmed or defrauded must employ a competent class-action law firm with experience and resources to represent hundreds, if not millions, of claimants. Certification of the class is a delicate process, with nuances that must be mastered. The victim must be certified as the lead plaintiff, and this may need to be done again since the settlement will not cover all claims. Trying cases and negotiating settlements are all part of the job of a class-action law firm.

  • File A Lawsuit.

A class-action lawsuit is generally started by filing a complaint that names at least one class representative, and that representative files the lawsuit on behalf of the entire proposed class. The defendant(s) will have the opportunity to respond to the claim. Defendants may argue that the class action standards haven’t been satisfied or that the claims should be handled on an individual basis.

  • Obtain Class Certification.

Following the complaint, the class representative will file a motion to have the court certify or approve the proposed class. To obtain court approval of the class, both the class representative and his or her legal team must: Demonstrate that you have a valid legal claim against the defendant(s).

  • Assign A Lead Plaintiff.

When the class is certified, the plaintiff who brings the lawsuit must be formally designated as the “lead plaintiff.” The lead plaintiff will hire the class-action law firm and file the case; he or she will also communicate with everyone having an interest and approve any settlement. A lead plaintiff must be a typical member of the class, have no conflict with other class members, and be in a position to represent the group.

  • Prove That The Class Is Large Enough.

This indicates that there are enough similarly injured people in the class. If the injuries of each member of the group are distinct, the class may be invalidated.

Notify persons who are members of the class. In most situations, once a lawsuit is classified as a class action, notice must be given to all individuals who may be included in the group. Notifications are distributed via direct mailings to known claimants as well as through the press and on the Internet.

Allow opt-in and opt-out options. The class is usually established automatically, but everyone who was harmed has the option to withdraw from the action. In order to exercise this right, injured people should be notified of their availability. Occasionally, victims of personal injury may choose not to participate in a lawsuit. Class actions can also include excluding oneself from any settlement. Injured plaintiffs who suffer additional injuries, lost more money than the other class members, or want greater control over their case may choose to opt out of the class action.

Try your case or attempt to negotiate a settlement. The lead plaintiff will continue with his/her lawsuit against the defendant(s) once the class has been certified and the notice period has ended. The lawsuit will go on until a settlement is reached unless the claimant and defendant reach an agreement.

All parties involved in the claim must be notified if a verdict or a settlement is reached. If a settlement is reached, injured individuals will usually be informed that they have the option to opt out of the agreement if they give proper and timely notification. After the opt-out period has passed and the settlement funds have been sent, the lead plaintiff and his or her lawyer will negotiate compensation to all qualifying victims.

The damages are paid and distributed. The law firm representing the claimant usually gets a percentage of the agreed sum first, with the lead plaintiff receiving a higher portion (typically a greater proportion than other class members because of the extra work performed by the lead plaintiff in handling the class-action case). Then, the members of the class get paid. The presiding judge must approve all settlements.

What Are the Criteria for Class Action Certification?

Four factors when determining whether or not to certify a class:

  1. Numerosity

    The plaintiffs must show that “the class is so numerous that joinder of all members is impracticable.” While there is no specific minimum number of class members required, courts will usually demand at least 100 individuals to meet the numerosity standard. To be certified as a class, the plaintiffs must establish that individual members may be identified by the use of certain criteria or information.

  2. Commonality

    The plaintiffs must show that each class member’s claims have common questions of law and fact. The commonality requirement is met when the opponent of the class has engaged in some sort of course of conduct, affecting a group of persons, that gives rise to a legal claim.

  3. Typicality

    The individual claims of the class representatives must be “typical” of the claims of other class members. Typicality exists when the representatives’ claims are based on the same event or course of conduct that gives rise to the claims of other class members, and they utilize the same legal theory as those claims.

  4. Adequacy

    The plaintiffs must show that they will fairly and adequately safeguard the interests of the class. To do so, they must generally show that they are willing and able to take an active part in and regulate litigation in order to protect the interests of absent class members, as well as that their attorneys will act with the requisite zeal and competence.

Typically, prior to class certification, plaintiffs are only allowed modest discovery. Written questions to the defendant, requests for documentation from the defendant, and deponent interviews are usually limited to facts relevant to the four criteria listed above. Because the actual substance of the Plaintiffs’ allegations is not in dispute prior to class certification, discovery regarding that subject is generally not permitted at this stage. Class action plaintiffs and their attorneys will frequently employ a number of experts to assist them in this phase of the trial. They can also engage experts to explain how the class’s damages may be calculated, for example. This may be a pricey option in many cases.

If the class is uncertified, it cannot proceed as a class action. If the certification decision is appealed to a higher court, the defendants often have a right to do so immediately. Assuming such a challenge does not succeed, the case will advance to the next stage of litigation: merit-based discovery.

What Happens After A Class Action Is Certified?


The class may obtain information from the plaintiffs or third parties about their allegations, as discussed below. This is done through written discovery (interrogatories, production, admissions) and depositions, which are sworn statements under oath. Discovery might last for many months and is frequently one of the most time-consuming and costly phases of class action litigation.

After appropriate research has been completed, class action defendants will generally file for summary judgment. The defenders claim that the plaintiffs do not have a proper factual foundation to go forward or that there is a legal barrier preventing them from bringing their claims. Motions for summary judgment are decided based on the parties’ and attorneys’ submissions to the court. A judge, not a jury, makes the decision whether or not to grant a motion for summary judgment. The case may continue if the judge rejects such a request.

The class-action lawsuit will be resolved or tried at a later date. If the case is heard before a jury, the defendant will frequently appeal to a higher court, adding to the delays. The court will also have to approve the settlement and attorneys’ fees and expenses if the case is settled. All class members will be informed of the proposed agreement and its provisions. Class members can choose to accept their share of the settlement or “opt-out,” rejecting the settlement funds and instead pursuing their own claims in a separate lawsuit.

A class-action lawsuit can last anywhere from three to five years, but it usually ends in a settlement. It takes a legal team that is prepared to put in the time, effort, and money it takes to go through such a lengthy procedure.

What Are Some Examples Of Class-Action Lawsuits?


Class-action lawsuits can be brought on a wide range of topics and circumstances. Class actions fall into one of the following categories:

  • Securities:

    Securities class actions are filed by plaintiffs who have been harmed by the actions of the defendant businesses, including investor fraud and whistleblower claims.

  • Product liability or personal injury:

    Class-action lawsuits for product liability and personal injury are usually launched when a dangerous product causes a large number of people to be injured. A typical example is pharmaceutical fraud which results in the production and distribution of hazardous medication that is consumed by many patients. Mass catastrophes such as social work or nursing home negligence, human rights abuses, sexual abuse, and sports litigation are a few of the other types of injuries.

  • Consumer:

    The business entity is held accountable in these class actions for engaging in systematic and fraudulent or unlawful commercial activities that defraud or harm consumers. Antitrust litigation, such as price-fixing, market allocation agreements, and monopolistic practices, are examples.

  • Employment:

    Employees who have been harassed, immigrants who have work-related issues, employees with the hour and wage concerns, and employees who have suffered on-the-job injuries or accidents as a result of employer safety infractions may take collective action against employers.

What Are The Advantages Of Joining A Class-action Lawsuit?


Another advantage of joining a class action lawsuit is that it is more cost-effective and efficient than each individual plaintiff pursuing their own claims. Furthermore, class actions provide compensation to those who were injured. Large-scale changes to product or company structure have the potential to significantly improve society.

Does Joining A Class Action Lawsuit Cost Me Anything?


Our Attorneys who work on class action cases are paid on a contingency basis, which implies no money is required upfront. The attorney gets a piece of the compensation for their time leading to the positive conclusion once the case is won and damages are collected.

What can I Win In A Class-action Lawsuit?


After the attorney receives his payment, the remaining money is shared equally among the claimants. For those with minor injuries, settlements may be minimal, but plaintiffs who were badly injured frequently receive larger compensation. The most significant victory, though, is justice and broad social change.

Contact Texas Class Action Lawyers


If you believe you were wronged by corporate greed and/or like many others, you may be entitled to compensation. For a free evaluation of your Texas class action lawsuit, contact Texas Personal Injury Lawyers immediately.

Call us at (888) 997-2148 now for you free consultation.

We take cases on a contingency fee basis and there are no costs unless we win, and the consultation is completely FREE. Contact us to learn what Texas Personal Injury Lawyers can accomplish for you.